HealthStream Announces Third Quarter 2021 Results

HealthStream, Inc. (Nasdaq: HSTM), a leading provider of workforce and provider solutions for the healthcare industry, announced today results for the third quarter ended September 30, 2021.

  • Revenues of $64.1 million in the third quarter of 2021, up 5% from $60.9 million in the third quarter of 2020, more than offsetting a $9.2 million decline in legacy resuscitation revenues.
  • Operating income of $1.8 million in the third quarter of 2021, down 43% from $3.1 million in the third quarter of 2020.
  • Net income of $1.5 million in the third quarter of 2021, down 43% from $2.6 million in the third quarter of 2020.
  • Earnings per share (EPS) of $0.05 per share (diluted) in the third quarter of 2021 compared to $0.08 per share (diluted) in the third quarter of 2020.
  • Adjusted EBITDA1 of $12.5 million in the third quarter of 2021, up 12% from $11.2 million in the third quarter of 2020.

Financial Results:
Third Quarter 2021 Compared to Third Quarter 2020
Revenues for the third quarter of 2021 increased by $3.2 million, or five percent, to $64.1 million, compared to $60.9 million for the third quarter of 2020.

Revenues from our Workforce Solutions segment were $51.2 million for the third quarter of 2021, an increase of four percent compared to $49.2 million for the third quarter of 2020. The workforce segment achieved this four percent growth while overcoming a $9.2 million decline in revenues from the legacy resuscitation business. Revenues from recent acquisitions and growth in other solutions more than offset this decline in legacy resuscitation revenues. In addition, workforce revenues also benefitted from a $0.5 million increase in professional services revenues, primarily associated with recently acquired businesses.

Revenues from our Provider Solutions segment were $12.9 million for the third quarter of 2021, compared to $11.7 million for the third quarter of 2020. This revenue growth of $1.2 million was primarily attributable to subscription revenues.

Generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) require companies to write down beginning balances of acquired deferred revenue as part of “fair value” accounting. During the third quarter of 2021, HealthStream reported a reduction of $800,000 to revenue and operating income and a reduction of $630,000 to net income as a result of deferred revenue write-downs from recent acquisitions. During the third quarter of 2020, HealthStream reported a reduction of $80,000 to revenue and operating income and a reduction of $60,000 to net income as a result of deferred revenue write-downs from prior acquisitions.

1 Adjusted EBITDA is a nonGAAP financial measure. A reconciliation of adjusted EBITDA to net income and disclosure regarding why we believe adjusted EBITDA provides useful information to investors is included later in this release.

Operating income was $1.8 million for the third quarter of 2021, compared to $3.1 million from the third quarter of 2020. The decrease in operating income was primarily attributable to higher operating expenses and amortization, primarily associated with businesses acquired over the past twelve months.

Net income was $1.5 million in the third quarter of 2021, down 43 percent from $2.6 million in the third quarter of 2020, and EPS was $0.05 per share (diluted) in the third quarter of 2021, compared to $0.08 per share (diluted) for the third quarter of 2020.

Adjusted EBITDA was $12.5 million for the third quarter of 2021, up 12 percent from $11.2 million in the third quarter of 2020.

At September 30, 2021, the Company had cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities of $60.6 million. Capital expenditures incurred during the third quarter of 2021 were $5.6 million.

Year-to-Date 2021 Compared to Year-to-Date 2020

For the first nine months of 2021, revenues were $192.4 million, an increase of five percent over revenues of $183.0 million for the first nine months of 2020. Operating income for the first nine months of 2021 decreased by 42 percent to $8.5 million, compared to $14.7 million for the first nine months of 2020. The decrease in operating income was primarily attributable to the $3.4 million one-time favorable contractual adjustment to royalty expense resulting in a reduction to cost of revenues in the first quarter of 2020. Also contributing to the decrease are higher operating expenses primarily associated with acquisitions completed over the past twelve months. Partially offsetting these declines in operating income was a $1.0 million non-recurring, non-cash benefit during the first quarter of 2021 related to the reduction of paid time off (PTO) expense resulting from modifications to the Company’s PTO policy. Net income for the first nine months of 2021 decreased to $6.2 million, compared to $13.2 million for the first nine months of 2020. Earnings per share were $0.20 per share (diluted) for the first nine months of 2021, compared to $0.41 per share (diluted) for the first nine months of 2020. Adjusted EBITDA increased by 15 percent to $40.6 million for the first nine months of 2021, compared to $35.2 million for the first nine months of 2020.

Other Business Updates

At September 30, 2021, we had approximately 4.92 million contracted subscriptions to hStream™, our Platform-as-a-Service technology. hStream technology enables healthcare organizations and their respective workforces to easily connect to and gain value from the growing HealthStream ecosystem of applications, tools, and content.

Financial Outlook for 2021

The Company is updating its guidance for 2021 for the measures set forth below. For a reconciliation of projected adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP financial measure defined later in this release, to projected net income (the most comparable GAAP measure) for 2021, see the table included on page nine of this release.

Full Year 2021 Guidance

Revenue

Workforce Solutions

$

205.0

-

$

206.5

million

Provider Solutions

50.5

-

51.0

million

Consolidated

$

255.5

-

$

257.5

million

Adjusted EBITDA1

$

51.0

-

$

53.0

million

Capital Expenditures

$

25.0

-

$

26.0

million

 

1 Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure. A reconciliation of projected adjusted EBITDA to projected net income (the most comparable GAAP measure) is included later in this release.

The Company’s guidance for 2021 as set forth above reflects the Company’s assumptions regarding, among other things, the COVID-19 pandemic as noted below, anticipated integration costs and additional investments in sales, marketing, and product development in 2021 for recently acquired companies, and estimated deferred revenue write-downs of $4.0 million during 2021 related to recent acquisitions, which would result in corresponding reductions to net revenues and operating income during 2021.

The Company’s financial guidance assumes that public health conditions associated with the pandemic and general economic conditions (including conditions impacting healthcare organizations) continue to improve over the course of the year, including that COVID-19 vaccines continue to be successfully distributed and perform according to current expectations and that new variants of the virus, or other unknown variants, do not further impede recovery from the pandemic.

Commenting on third quarter 2021 results, Robert A. Frist, Jr., Chief Executive Officer of HealthStream, said, “Our results this quarter position us well to finish the year strong—as reflected in our updated financial guidance, which includes an expected record adjusted EBITDA of between $51 million to $53 million. Our third quarter revenues were up five percent over the prior year quarter, which is indicative of the growth that was necessary to offset and rise above the previously announced headwind of declining legacy resuscitation revenues. This meaningful growth was achieved through the progress made in sales and implementations of product suites like the American Red Cross, CredentialStream, and Jane, along with our newly acquired scheduling businesses. We are excited to finish 2021 and start 2022 with this innovative, growing portfolio of applications and solutions.”

A conference call with Robert A. Frist, Jr., Chief Executive Officer, Scott A. Roberts, Chief Financial Officer and Senior Vice President, and Mollie Condra, Vice President of Investor Relations and Corporate Communications, will be held on Tuesday, October 26, 2021, at 9:00 a.m. (ET). To listen to the conference, please dial 877-647-2842 (no conference ID needed) if you are calling within the domestic U.S. or Canada. If you are an international caller, please dial 914-495-8564 (no conference ID needed). The conference may also be accessed by going to http://ir.healthstream.com/events.cfm for the simultaneous Webcast of the call, which will subsequently be available for replay. The replay telephone numbers are 855-859-2056 (conference ID #1766802) for U.S. and Canadian callers and 404-537-3406 (conference ID #1766802) for international callers.

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

This press release presents adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP financial measure used by management in analyzing the Company’s financial results and ongoing operational performance. In order to better assess the Company’s financial results, management believes that net income excluding the impact of the deferred revenue write-downs associated with fair value accounting for acquired businesses and before interest, income taxes, stock based compensation, depreciation and amortization, changes in fair value of non-marketable equity investments, the de-recognition of non-cash expense resulting from the PTO expense reduction in the first quarter of 2021, and the resolution of a mutual disagreement related to various elements of a past partnership which resulted in a reduction to cost of sales in the first quarter of 2020 (“adjusted EBITDA”) is a useful measure for evaluating the operating performance of the Company because adjusted EBITDA reflects net income adjusted for certain GAAP accounting, non-cash and non-operating items which may not, in any such case, fully reflect the underlying operating performance of our business. We also believe that adjusted EBITDA is useful to investors to assess the Company’s ongoing operating performance and to compare the Company’s operating performance between periods. In addition, beginning in 2021, executive bonuses are based on the achievement of adjusted EBITDA targets.

As noted above, the definition of adjusted EBITDA includes an adjustment for the impact of the deferred revenue write-downs associated with fair value accounting for acquired businesses. Following the completion of any acquisition by the Company, the Company must record the acquired deferred revenue at fair value as defined in GAAP, which may result in a write-down of deferred revenue. If the Company is required to record a write-down of deferred revenue, it may result in lower recognized revenue, operating income, and net income in subsequent periods. Revenue for any such acquired business is deferred and is typically recognized over a one-to-two-year period following the completion of any particular acquisition, so our GAAP revenues for this one-to-two-year period will not reflect the full amount of revenues that would have been reported if the acquired deferred revenue was not written down to fair value. Management believes that including an adjustment in the definition of adjusted EBITDA for the impact of the deferred write-downs associated with fair value accounting for acquired businesses provides useful information to investors because the deferred revenue write-down recognized in periods after an acquisition may, given the nature of this non-cash accounting impact, cause our GAAP financial results during such periods to not fully reflect our underlying operating performance and thus adjusting for this amount may assist in comparing the Company’s results of operations between periods.

Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure and should not be considered as a measure of financial performance under GAAP. Because adjusted EBITDA is not a measurement determined in accordance with GAAP, adjusted EBITDA is susceptible to varying calculations. Accordingly, adjusted EBITDA, as presented, may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies and has limitations as an analytical tool.

This non-GAAP financial measure should not be considered a substitute for, or superior to, measures of financial performance which are prepared in accordance with GAAP. Investors are encouraged to review the reconciliation of adjusted EBITDA to net income (the most comparable GAAP measure), which is set forth below in this release.

About HealthStream

HealthStream (Nasdaq: HSTM) is dedicated to improving patient outcomes through the development of healthcare organizations’ greatest asset: their people. Our unified suite of solutions is contracted by healthcare organizations across the U.S. for workforce development, training & learning management, nurse & staff scheduling, clinical education, credentialing, privileging, provider enrollment, performance assessment, and managing simulation-based education programs. HealthStream’s corporate office is in Nashville, Tennessee. For more information, visit http://www.healthstream.com or call 800-521-0574.

HEALTHSTREAM, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income

(In thousands, except per share data)

(Unaudited)

 

Three Months Ended

Nine Months Ended

September

30, 2021

September

30, 2020

September

30, 2021

September

30, 2020

Revenues, net

$

64,091

$

60,883

$

192,374

$

183,008

Operating costs and expenses:

Cost of revenues (excluding depeciation and amortization)

22,585

23,302

68,053

66,596

Product development

10,344

8,192

30,205

23,491

Sales and marketing

10,232

8,863

28,713

26,286

Other general and administrative expenses

10,004

9,986

29,445

29,949

Depreciation and amortization

9,141

7,406

27,443

22,005

Total operating costs and expenses

62,306

57,749

183,859

168,327

Operating income

1,785

3,134

8,515

14,681

Other (loss) income, net

(99

)

100

(250

)

2,006

Income before income tax provision

1,686

3,234

8,265

16,687

Income tax provision

186

600

2,033

3,519

Net income

$

1,500

$

2,634

$

6,232

$

13,168

Net income per share:

Basic

$

0.05

$

0.08

$

0.20

$

0.41

Diluted

$

0.05

$

0.08

$

0.20

$

0.41

Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding:

Basic

31,558

31,955

31,538

32,095

Diluted

31,684

31,981

31,609

32,121

 

HEALTHSTREAM, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

September 30,

December 31,

2021

2020

ASSETS

Current assets:

Cash and cash equivalents

$

55,459

$

36,566

Marketable securities

5,095

9,928

Accounts and unbilled receivables, net

30,745

46,100

Prepaid and other current assets

20,957

22,131

Total current assets

112,256

114,725

Capitalized software development, net

31,250

26,631

Property and equipment, net

18,333

22,218

Operating lease right of use assets, net

25,869

28,081

Goodwill and intangible assets, net

271,459

279,155

Deferred tax assets

974

974

Deferred commissions

22,860

19,907

Other assets

11,713

8,622

Total assets

$

494,714

$

500,313

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Current liabilities:

Accounts payable, accrued and other liabilities

$

27,373

$

38,266

Deferred revenue

74,577

81,176

Total current liabilities

101,950

119,442

Deferred tax liabilities

18,205

14,523

Deferred revenue, non-current

1,915

1,603

Operating lease liability, noncurrent

26,852

28,479

Other long-term liabilities

3,594

2,204

Total liabilities

152,516

166,251

Shareholders’ equity:

Common stock

273,573

271,784

Accumulated other comprehensive income

115

1

Retained earnings

68,510

62,277

Total shareholders’ equity

342,198

334,062

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity

$

494,714

$

500,313

HEALTHSTREAM, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

September 30,

2021

2020

Operating activities:

Net income

$

6,232

$

13,168

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

Depreciation and amortization

27,443

22,005

Stock based compensation

2,260

1,665

Amortization of deferred commissions

6,900

6,555

Deferred income taxes

2,066

2,330

Provision for doubtful accounts

99

160

Loss on equity method investments

258

8

Non-cash paid time off expense

(1,011

)

Non-cash royalty expense

(3,440

)

Change in fair value of non-marketable equity investments

(1,181

)

Other

132

321

Changes in assets and liabilities:

Accounts and unbilled receivables

13,907

(9

)

Prepaid and other assets

(8,959

)

(4,019

)

Accounts payable, accrued and other liabilities

(6,668

)

(3,668

)

Deferred revenue

(6,223

)

(3,142

)

Net cash provided by operating activities

36,436

30,753

Investing activities:

Business combinations, net of cash acquired

(731

)

(21,449

)

Changes in marketable securities

4,708

(1,656

)

Payments to acquire non-marketable equity investments

(1,257

)

Payments to acquire equity method investments

(1,750

)

Purchases of property and equipment

(2,602

)

(1,734

)

Payments associated with capitalized software development

(16,577

)

(12,366

)

Net cash used in investing activities

(16,952

)

(38,462

)

Financing activities:

Taxes paid related to net settlement of equity awards

(471

)

(429

)

Repurchases of common stock

(16,352

)

Payment of cash dividends

(19

)

(40

)

Net cash used in financing activities

(490

)

(16,821

)

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

(101

)

(1

)

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

18,893

(24,531

)

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

36,566

131,538

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

$

55,459

$

107,007

 

Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures(1)

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

Three Months Ended

September 30,

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

2021

2020

2021

2020

GAAP net income

$

1,500

$

2,634

$

6,232

$

13,168

Deferred revenue write-down

805

75

3,657

355

Interest income

(24

)

(88

)

(64

)

(919

)

Interest expense

33

26

99

76

Income tax provision

186

600

2,033

3,519

Stock based compensation expense

861

557

2,260

1,665

Depreciation and amortization

9,141

7,406

27,443

22,005

Non-cash paid time off expense

(1,011

)

Change in fair value of non-marketable equity investments

(1,181

)

Non-cash royalty expense

(3,440

)

Adjusted EBITDA

$

12,502

$

11,210

$

40,649

$

35,248

 

(1) Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure. A reconciliation of projected adjusted EBITDA to projected net income (the most comparable GAAP measure) is included later in this release.

Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Financial Outlook for 2021

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

Low

High

Net income

$

6,300

$

7,500

Deferred revenue write-down

4,000

4,000

Interest income

(100

)

(100

)

Interest expense

100

100

Income tax provision

2,100

2,600

Stock based compensation expense

3,000

3,000

Depreciation and amortization

36,600

36,900

Non-cash paid time off expense

(1,000

)

(1,000

)

Adjusted EBITDA

$

51,000

$

53,000

This press release includes certain forward-looking statements (statements other than solely with respect to historical fact), including statements regarding expectations for financial performance for 2021 as well as the anticipated impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our financial results, that involve risks and uncertainties regarding HealthStream. These statements are based upon managements beliefs, as well as assumptions made by and data currently available to management. This information has been, or in the future may be, included in reliance on the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. The Company cautions that forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties, and other factors that may cause the actual results, performance, or achievements to be materially different from future results, performance, or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements, including, without limitation, as the result of developments related to the COVID-19 pandemic, including, without limitation, related to the length and severity of the pandemic; the timing, availability, effectiveness and acceptance of medical treatments and vaccines with respect to COVID-19 and associated levels of vaccination; the spread of potentially more contagious and/or virulent forms of the virus, including possible strains that may be resistant to currently available vaccines; the impact of the pandemic on general economic conditions, including with respect to competitive labor market conditions and supply chain shortages and disruptions, the impact on the pandemic on healthcare organizations; measures we are taking to respond to the pandemic; and the impact of governmental action and regulation in connection with the pandemic (including the CARES Act and other federal stimulus measures, as well as vaccine mandates); as well as risks referenced in the Companys Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, filed on February 25, 2021, and in the Companys other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission from time to time. Consequently, such forward-looking information should not be regarded as a representation or warranty or statement by the Company that such projections will be realized. Many of the factors that will determine the Companys future results are beyond the ability of the Company to control or predict. Readers should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which reflect managements views only as of the date hereof. The Company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any such forward-looking statements.

Contacts:

Scott A. Roberts
Chief Financial Officer
(615) 301-3182
ir@healthstream.com

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